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Comparing Electoral Rights

The EUDO CITIZENSHIP Database on Electoral Rights includes information on the conditions and procedures of access to the franchise in the 28 EU Member States, in 10 types of elections and for 3 categories of persons: citizen residents, non-citizen residents, and non-resident citizens.

The database is organised around a comprehensive typology of electoral laws which outlines, in a systematic way, the conditions and procedure of eligibility for voting and standing as candidate, in each type of elections and for each category of persons.

Select the category of persons in order to access our database:

Citizen residents
Non-resident citizens
Non-citizen residents

Comparing electoral rights: citizen residents

'Citizen residents' designates the category of persons who are citizens of a state in which an election is taking place and who are also permanent resident there. The database provides comprehensive information on the conditions and procedures of the right to vote and to stand as candidate for this target group. This includes a summary of legal provisions on minimum age requirements, disenfranchisement on grounds of mental disability and criminal offence, as well as information regarding the registration procedure (automatic or active) and voting methods available in each type of elections, both for citizen residents and for citizens who are temporarily abroad on the day of election.

Search by Country:

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For a clarification of the terms used in this database, please refer to the EUDO Citizenship Glossary.


The information included in the database is based on detailed comparative questionnaires answered by EUDO CITIZENSHIP experts and on systematic analysis of national electoral laws in all of the 28 EU Member States.

This database is made available freely for non-commercial use by the general public. We ask that users of the database acknowledge its source when using the data in their publications. Please cite as follows:

Jean-Thomas Arrighi and Derek Hutcheson (2013). EUDO CITIZENSHIP Database on Electoral Rights. San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute.  

The information in the database has been checked to the best of our knowledge. However, in some cases our interpretation of existing provisions may be incorrect or outdated. In addition to our experts and official sources, we also rely on our regular users to provide us with feedback. Please let us know if you have you any questions or find errors, inconsistencies or ambiguities by contacting Jelena Dzankic and Jean-Thomas Arrighi.