Comparing Citizenship Laws: Acquisition of Citizenship

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Croatia: Modes of Acquisition of Citizenship

See bottom of page ⇓ for an explanation of the structure of this table
Mode Target person Year Article in law Procedure Conditions Changes since 1985
A01a
Person born to a citizen of a country (birth in that country) 2016 CRO 4(1)AutomaticPerson is born in Croatia to a citizen.1991, 1992
A01a
Person born to a citizen of a country (birth in that country) 2015 CRO 4(1)AutomaticPerson is born in Croatia to a citizen.1991, 1992
A01a
Person born to a citizen of a country (birth in that country) 2014 CRO 4(1)AutomaticPerson is born in Croatia to a citizen.1991, 1992
A01a
Person born to a citizen of a country (birth in that country) 2013 CRO 4(1)AutomaticPerson is born in Croatia to a citizen.1991, 1992
A01b
Person born to a citizen of a country (birth abroad) 2016 CRO 4(1)AutomaticPerson is born abroad to a parent who is a citizen and another parent who is stateless or of unknown citizenship1991, 1992
CRO 5 Registration Person is born abroad to a parent who is a citizen and another parent who has another citizenship. But automatic if the person starts residing in Croatia before the age of 18 (acquisition retroactive to birth), or after 18 if the person would otherwise be stateless.
A01b
Person born to a citizen of a country (birth abroad) 2015 CRO 4(1)AutomaticPerson is born abroad to a parent who is a citizen and another parent who is stateless or of unknown citizenship1991, 1992
CRO 5 Registration Person is born abroad to a parent who is a citizen and another parent who has another citizenship. But automatic if the person starts residing in Croatia before the age of 18 (acquisition retroactive to birth), or after 18 if the person would otherwise be stateless.
A01b
Person born to a citizen of a country (birth abroad) 2014 CRO 4(1)AutomaticPerson is born abroad to a parent who is a citizen and another parent who is stateless or of unknown citizenship1991, 1992
CRO 5 Registration Person is born abroad to a parent who is a citizen and another parent who has another citizenship. But automatic if the person starts residing in Croatia before the age of 18 (acquisition retroactice to birth), or after 18 if the person would otherwise be stateless.
A01b
Person born to a citizen of a country (birth abroad) 2013 CRO 4(1)AutomaticPerson is born abroad to a parent who is a citizen and another parent who is stateless or of unknown citizenship1991, 1992
CRO 5 Registration Person is born abroad to a parent who is a citizen and another parent who has another citizenship. But automatic if the person starts residing in Croatia before the age of 18 (acquisition retroactice to birth), or after 18 if the person would otherwise be stateless.
A02a
Person born in a country (irrespective of the citizenship and birthplace of his/her parents) 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A02a
Person born in a country (irrespective of the citizenship and birthplace of his/her parents) 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A02a
Person born in a country (irrespective of the citizenship and birthplace of his/her parents) 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A02a
Person born in a country (irrespective of the citizenship and birthplace of his/her parents) 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A02b
Person born in a country to a parent who was also born in that country 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A02b
Person born in a country to a parent who was also born in that country 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A02b
Person born in a country to a parent who was also born in that country 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A02b
Person born in a country to a parent who was also born in that country 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A03a
Foundling found in a country of unknown parentage 2016 CRO 7AutomaticPerson is found in Croatia of unknown parentage.1991
A03a
Foundling found in a country of unknown parentage 2015 CRO 7AutomaticPerson is found in Croatia of unknown parentage.1991
A03a
Foundling found in a country of unknown parentage 2014 CRO 7AutomaticPerson is found in Croatia of unknown parentage.1991
A03a
Foundling found in a country of unknown parentage 2013 CRO 7AutomaticPerson is found in Croatia of unknown parentage.1991
A03b
Person born in a country who would otherwise be stateless 2016 CRO 7AutomaticPerson is born in Croatia to parents of unknown citizenship.1991
A03b
Person born in a country who would otherwise be stateless 2015 CRO 7AutomaticPerson is born in Croatia to parents of unknown citizenship.1991
A03b
Person born in a country who would otherwise be stateless 2014 CRO 7AutomaticPerson is born in Croatia to parents of unknown citizenship.1991
A03b
Person born in a country who would otherwise be stateless 2013 CRO 7AutomaticPerson is born in Croatia to parents of unknown citizenship.1991
A04
Person born to a citizen of a country whose descent is established by recognition or judicial establishment of maternity/paternity 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A04
Person born to a citizen of a country whose descent is established by recognition or judicial establishment of maternity/paternity 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A04
Person born to a citizen of a country whose descent is established by recognition or judicial establishment of maternity/paternity 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A04
Person born to a citizen of a country whose descent is established by recognition or judicial establishment of maternity/paternity 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A05
Person born in a country (acquisition after birth and irrespective of the citizenship and birthplace of his/her parents) 2016 CRO 9Naturalisation (entitlement)Person is born in Croatia and has been resident there for 5 years immediately before the application. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of Croatia.1991, 1992
A05
Person born in a country (acquisition after birth and irrespective of the citizenship and birthplace of his/her parents) 2015 CRO 9Naturalisation (entitlement)Person is born in Croatia and has been resident there for 5 years immediately before the application. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of Croatia.1991, 1992
A05
Person born in a country (acquisition after birth and irrespective of the citizenship and birthplace of his/her parents) 2014 CRO 9Naturalisation (entitlement)Person is born in Croatia and has been resident there for 5 years immediately before the application. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of Croatia.1991, 1992
A05
Person born in a country (acquisition after birth and irrespective of the citizenship and birthplace of his/her parents) 2013 CRO 9Naturalisation (entitlement)Person is born in Croatia and has been resident there for 5 years immediately before the application. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of Croatia.1991, 1992
A06
Person with a certain period of residence in a country 2016 CRO 8Naturalisation (entitlement)Person has been resident in Croatia for 8 years immediately before the application. Other conditions: renunciation or automatic loss of another citizenship, unless the person is stateless (a statement is sufficient if the other country does not allow renouncing citizenship, or places conditions which cannot be fulfilled), proficient in language of Croatia, respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991, 2012
A06
Person with a certain period of residence in a country 2015 CRO 8Naturalisation (entitlement)Person has been resident in Croatia for 8 years immediately before the application. Other conditions: renunciation or automatic loss of another citizenship, unless the person is stateless (a statement is sufficient if the other country does not allow renouncing citizenship, or places conditions which cannot be fulfilled), proficient in language of Croatia, respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991, 2012
A06
Person with a certain period of residence in a country 2014 CRO 8Naturalisation (entitlement)Person has been resident in Croatia for 8 years immediately before the application. Other conditions: renunciation or automatic loss of another citizenship, unless the person is stateless (a statement is sufficient if the other country does not allow renouncing citizenship, or places conditions which cannot be fulfilled), proficient in language of Croatia, respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991, 2012
A06
Person with a certain period of residence in a country 2013 CRO 8Naturalisation (entitlement)Person has been resident in Croatia for 8 years immediately before the application. Other conditions: renunciation or automatic loss of another citizenship, unless the person is stateless (a statement is sufficient if the other country does not allow renouncing citizenship, or places conditions which cannot be fulfilled), proficient in language of Croatia, respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991, 2012
A07
Person with a certain period of residence or schooling as a minor in a country 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A07
Person with a certain period of residence or schooling as a minor in a country 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A07
Person with a certain period of residence or schooling as a minor in a country 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A07
Person with a certain period of residence or schooling as a minor in a country 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A08
Person who is the spouse or registered partner of a citizen of a country 2016 CRO 10Naturalisation (entitlement)Person is the spouse of a citizen and is resident in Croatia with a permanent residence permit. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991
A08
Person who is the spouse or registered partner of a citizen of a country 2015 CRO 10Naturalisation (entitlement)Person is the spouse of a citizen and is resident in Croatia with a permanent residence permit. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991
A08
Person who is the spouse or registered partner of a citizen of a country 2014 CRO 10Naturalisation (entitlement)Person is the spouse of a citizen and is resident in Croatia with a permanent residence permit. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991
A08
Person who is the spouse or registered partner of a citizen of a country 2013 CRO 10Naturalisation (entitlement)Person is the spouse of a citizen and is resident in Croatia with a permanent residence permit. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991
A09
Person whose parents are now citizens of a country, but were not at the time of the person's birth 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A09
Person whose parents are now citizens of a country, but were not at the time of the person's birth 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A09
Person whose parents are now citizens of a country, but were not at the time of the person's birth 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A09
Person whose parents are now citizens of a country, but were not at the time of the person's birth 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A10
Person who is adopted by a citizen 2016 CRO 4(2)AutomaticPerson is a minor who is adopted by a citizen (acquisition retroactive to birth).1991, 2003
A10
Person who is adopted by a citizen 2015 CRO 4(2)AutomaticPerson is a minor who is adopted by a citizen (acquisition retroactive to birth).1991, 2003
A10
Person who is adopted by a citizen 2014 CRO 4(2)AutomaticPerson is a minor who is adopted by a citizen (acquisition retroactive to birth).1991, 2003
A10
Person who is adopted by a citizen 2013 CRO 4(2)AutomaticPerson is a minor who is adopted by a citizen (acquisition retroactive to birth).1991, 2003
A11
Person who is another relative of a citizen 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A11
Person who is another relative of a citizen 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A11
Person who is another relative of a citizen 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A11
Person who is another relative of a citizen 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A12
Person who is the spouse, child or grandchild of a former or deceased citizen 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A12
Person who is the spouse, child or grandchild of a former or deceased citizen 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A12
Person who is the spouse, child or grandchild of a former or deceased citizen 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A12
Person who is the spouse, child or grandchild of a former or deceased citizen 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A13
Person who is the spouse or registered partner of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2016 CRO 11(2), 12(2)Naturalisation (discretionary)Person is the spouse of someone who acquires citizenship as an emigrant (mode A21) or is of special interest for Croatia. Other conditions: joint application with the spouse, respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991
A13
Person who is the spouse or registered partner of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2015 CRO 11(2), 12(2)Naturalisation (discretionary)Person is the spouse of someone who acquires citizenship as an emigrant (mode A21) or is of special interest for Croatia. Other conditions: joint application with the spouse, respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991
A13
Person who is the spouse or registered partner of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2014 CRO 11(2), 12(2)Naturalisation (discretionary)Person is the spouse of someone who acquires citizenship as an emigrant (mode A21) or is of special interest for Croatia. Other conditions: joint application with the spouse, respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991
A13
Person who is the spouse or registered partner of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2013 CRO 11(2), 12(2)Naturalisation (discretionary)Person is the spouse of someone who acquires citizenship as an emigrant (mode A21) or is of special interest for Croatia. Other conditions: joint application with the spouse, respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991
A14
Person who is the child of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2016 CRO 13NaturalisationPerson is a minor both whose parents acquire citizenship by naturalisation. If only one parent acquires citizenship by naturalisation, the child should either reside in Croatia or the other parent should be stateless or of unknown citizenship. Other condition: joint application with the parent who acquires citizenship.1991
A14
Person who is the child of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2015 CRO 13NaturalisationPerson is a minor both whose parents acquire citizenship by naturalisation. If only one parent acquires citizenship by naturalisation, the child should either reside in Croatia or the other parent should be stateless or of unknown citizenship. Other condition: joint application with the parent who acquires citizenship.1991
A14
Person who is the child of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2014 CRO 13NaturalisationPerson is a minor both whose parents acquire citizenship by naturalisation. If only one parent acquires citizenship by naturalisation, the child should either reside in Croatia or the other parent should be stateless or of unknown citizenship. Other condition: joint application with the parent who acquires citizenship.1991
A14
Person who is the child of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2013 CRO 13NaturalisationPerson is a minor both whose parents acquire citizenship by naturalisation. If only one parent acquires citizenship by naturalisation, the child should either reside in Croatia or the other parent should be stateless or of unknown citizenship. Other condition: joint application with the parent who acquires citizenship.1991
A15
Person who is another relative of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A15
Person who is another relative of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A15
Person who is another relative of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A15
Person who is another relative of someone who acquires citizenship of a country 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A16
Person who at some point in time was a citizen of a country and reacquires citizenship of that country 2016 CRO 15, CRO 23DeclarationPerson is a former citizen who has lost citizenship while resident in another country due to the fact that acquisition of citizenship of that country is an employment condition. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of Croatia. If the person lost citizenship as a minor, he/she must reside in Croatia for one year uninterruptedly immediately before making the declaration.1991, 1992
A16
Person who at some point in time was a citizen of a country and reacquires citizenship of that country 2015 CRO 15, CRO 23DeclarationPerson is a former citizen who has lost citizenship while resident in another country due to the fact that acquisition of citizenship of that country is an employment condition. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of Croatia. If the person lost citizenship as a minor, he/she must reside in Croatia for one year uninterruptedly immediately before making the declaration.1991, 1992
A16
Person who at some point in time was a citizen of a country and reacquires citizenship of that country 2014 CRO 15, CRO 23DeclarationPerson is a former citizen who has lost citizenship while resident in another country due to the fact that acquisition of citizenship of that country is an employment condition. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of Croatia. If the person lost citizenship as a minor, he/she must reside in Croatia for one year uninterruptedly immediately before making the declaration.1991, 1992
A16
Person who at some point in time was a citizen of a country and reacquires citizenship of that country 2013 CRO 15, CRO 23DeclarationPerson is a former citizen who has lost citizenship while resident in another country due to the fact that acquisition of citizenship of that country is an employment condition. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of Croatia. If the person lost citizenship as a minor, he/she must reside in Croatia for one year uninterruptedly immediately before making the declaration.1991, 1992
A17
Person whose citizenship rights are restricted 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A17
Person whose citizenship rights are restricted 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A17
Person whose citizenship rights are restricted 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A17
Person whose citizenship rights are restricted 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A18
Person who possess the citizenship of a specific country 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A18
Person who possess the citizenship of a specific country 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A18
Person who possess the citizenship of a specific country 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A18
Person who possess the citizenship of a specific country 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A19
Person who has a cultural affinity to a country 2016 CRO 16DeclarationPerson is of Croatian ethnicity and resides abroad. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country1991, 1992
CRO 11(1) Naturalisation (discretionary) Person is an emigrant from Croatia, or a descendant of a former emigrant. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.
A19
Person who has a cultural affinity to a country 2015 CRO 16DeclarationPerson is of Croatian ethnicity and resides abroad. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country1991, 1992
CRO 11(1) Naturalisation (discretionary) Person is an emigrant from Croatia, or a descendant of a former emigrant. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.
A19
Person who has a cultural affinity to a country 2014 CRO 16DeclarationPerson is of Croatian ethnicity and resides abroad. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country1991, 1992
CRO 11(1) Naturalisation (discretionary) Person is an emigrant from Croatia, or a descendant of a former emigrant. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.
A19
Person who has a cultural affinity to a country 2013 CRO 16DeclarationPerson is of Croatian ethnicity and resides abroad. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country1991, 1992
CRO 11(1) Naturalisation (discretionary) Person is an emigrant from Croatia, or a descendant of a former emigrant. Other condition: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.
A20
Person who acted as a citizen of a country in good faith and/or was presumed to be a citizen for some time 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A20
Person who acted as a citizen of a country in good faith and/or was presumed to be a citizen for some time 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A20
Person who acted as a citizen of a country in good faith and/or was presumed to be a citizen for some time 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A20
Person who acted as a citizen of a country in good faith and/or was presumed to be a citizen for some time 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A21
Person who has resided in a country for a very long time 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A21
Person who has resided in a country for a very long time 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A21
Person who has resided in a country for a very long time 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A21
Person who has resided in a country for a very long time 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A22
Person who is a recognized refugee 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A22
Person who is a recognized refugee 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A22
Person who is a recognized refugee 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A22
Person who is a recognized refugee 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A23
Person who is stateless or of unclear citizenship and is not covered by any other mode of protection against statelessness 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A23
Person who is stateless or of unclear citizenship and is not covered by any other mode of protection against statelessness 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A23
Person who is stateless or of unclear citizenship and is not covered by any other mode of protection against statelessness 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A23
Person who is stateless or of unclear citizenship and is not covered by any other mode of protection against statelessness 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A24
Person who has special achievements for a country 2016 CRO 12(1)Naturalisation (discretionary)Person is someone whose acquisition of citizenship would be in the special interest of Croatia. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991, 1992
A24
Person who has special achievements for a country 2015 CRO 12(1)Naturalisation (discretionary)Person is someone whose acquisition of citizenship would be in the special interest of Croatia. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991, 1992
A24
Person who has special achievements for a country 2014 CRO 12(1)Naturalisation (discretionary)Person is someone whose acquisition of citizenship would be in the special interest of Croatia. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991, 1992
A24
Person who has special achievements for a country 2013 CRO 12(1)Naturalisation (discretionary)Person is someone whose acquisition of citizenship would be in the special interest of Croatia. Other conditions: respect for the legal order, customs and culture of the country.1991, 1992
A25
Person who is in the public service of a country 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A25
Person who is in the public service of a country 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A25
Person who is in the public service of a country 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A25
Person who is in the public service of a country 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A26
Person who has special financial assets or invests money in a country 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A26
Person who has special financial assets or invests money in a country 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A26
Person who has special financial assets or invests money in a country 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A26
Person who has special financial assets or invests money in a country 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A27
Person who acquires citizenship for other reasons 2016 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A27
Person who acquires citizenship for other reasons 2015 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A27
Person who acquires citizenship for other reasons 2014 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes
A27
Person who acquires citizenship for other reasons 2013 No provisionn.a.n.a.No major changes

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Article in law: articles refer to the consolidated version of the current citizenship law of a specific country, as provided at the profile page of each country, unless stated otherwise. Material conditions may be specified in lower level legislation, such as circulars or regulations. In contrast to Europe, the states in the Americas and the Caribbean frequently address citizenship in their Constitutions. The database uses 'Const' as a short-hand when referring to constitutional provisions.

Procedure: refers to the procedures for acquiring or losing citizenship. Please refer to the Citizenship Glossary for an explanation of the different procedures.

Conditions: refers to the conditions for acquiring or losing citizenship, in addition to the general condition stated in the description of each target group. Unless indicated otherwise a "person" refers to a person who has reached the age of majority and "residence" refers to legal residence only (as defined by national law).

Changes: refers to major changes in the citizenship legislation of a country. Generally changes since 1980 are covered and only the year of a change is indicated. For some countries the content of these changes is described in more detail. In future updates of the Database the goal is to do so for relevant changes in all countries included in the Database.