EUDO Citizenship Indicators

Systematic comparison of citizenship across a large number of countries requires condensing qualitative information into indicators that can be used for quantitative analysis. The wealth of data collected by EUDO CITIZENSHIP allows a much more fine-grained analysis of legal provisions, administrative procedures, statistical developments and integration effects of citizenship acquisition than previously possible. For each of these goals EUDO CITIZENSHIP, in the framework of its ACIT project, constructs separate sets of indicators.

The project leaflet provides a two page summary of findings. 

Electoral Law Indicator (ELECLAW)

The ELECLAW indicators serve to describe and compare how inclusive electoral laws are for three categories of potential voters/candidates: resident citizens, non-citizen residents and non-resident citizens. The indicators cover both the right to vote (VOTLAW) and to stand as candidate (CANLAW), in all types of direct elections held in the 28 EU Member States and 19 countries in the Americas.


Citizenship Law Indicators (CITLAW)

EUDO Citizenship Law Indicators serve to describe and compare legal rules for birthright acquisition, naturalisation and loss of citizenship across countries and over time. Indicators measure degrees of inclusion and individual choice on a 0 to 1 scale.

Implementation Indicators (CITIMP)

EUDO Citizenship Implementation Indicators measure on a 0 to 1 scale the formal aspects of naturalisation procedures: promotion activities, documentation requirements, administrative discretion, bureaucratic procedures, and review and appeal options

Acquisition Indictors (CITACQ)

EUDO Citizenship Acquisition Indicators are based on the 2008 Labour Force Survey and compare percentages of citizenship acquisition among foreign-born persons in their country of residence, as well as the number of years it takes on average to acquire citizenship.

Integration Indicators (CITINT)

EUDO Citizenship Integration Indicators allow comparison of labour force participation and socio-economic status of native citizens, naturalised citizens and non-citizens based on the 2008 Labour Force Survey and EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions.