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Citizenship News

EUDO CITIZENSHIP offers a selection of media reports and news summaries on significant legislative changes, court decisions, policy developments, political campaigns or other events concerning citizenship in Europe and beyond.

We welcome suggestions for news items by our users. Proposals including the full text or internet link should be sent to EUDO.Citizenship@eui.eu. The EUDO CITIZENSHIP team will selectively publish news based on their significance and information content. We will not publish items whose content appears to be biased or otherwise problematic.

We will publish news in any European language if an English summary of the content is available.

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New statistical data on dual citizens in the Netherlands

Statistics Netherlands

15 December 2009

by Han Nicolaas

On 1 January 2009, just over 1.1 million people in the Netherlands had at least one other nationality alongside the Dutch nationality. This is nearly three times the number on 1 January 1995. Nearly half of Dutch people with more than one nationality also have the Turkish or Moroccan nationality.

Increase mainly through naturalisation
The strong rise in the number of Dutch people with more than one nationality was caused by the large number of naturalisations, especially in the second half of the 1990s. Between 1 January 1992 and 1 October 1997 people who were granted the Dutch nationality were permitted to retain their original nationality, and most people naturalised in this period did so.

Since 1 October 1997 people are allowed to have only one nationality, but there are many exceptions to this rule, for example for underage children. As a result of these exceptions, nearly four out of five persons naturalised in 1998-2008 were also permitted to keep their original nationality.

Increase since 2003 mainly through births
Children with a parent who has another nationality alongside the Dutch nationality also have two nationalities at birth. Since 2003, the number of Dutch people with a dual nationality has mainly increased through this regulation. In 2008 22 thousand children had dual nationality at birth. Another 5 thousand persons were granted Dutch nationality alongside their original nationality via an option or through adoption.

Most second generation immigrants have dual nationality

Just over 80 percent of second generation Turks and Moroccans living in the Netherlands also have the Dutch nationality. For the first generation this is around 60 percent. Very few Turks and Moroccans have only the Dutch nationality.


Click here to access the Netherlands country profile.

'External vote' decisive in Romanian elections

by EUDO CITIZENSHIP expert Costica Dumbrava

Traian Basescu won the second round of the Romanian 2009 presidential election by a margin of 71.000 votes after receiving 115.831 of the votes cast abroad (78.86 percent of the total). The support for Basescu was overwhelming in the Republic of Moldova, where he received 94.8 percent of the votes cast (around 10.000 preferences). This outcome demonstrates the political consequences of recent administrative efforts to speed up the process of granting Romanian citizenship to 'former citizens' from Moldova (see our recent EUDO CITIZENSHIP news report 'Romania: former citizens, new citizens, new votes?'). The election results have triggered strong political reactions, with some political actors already calling for measures to downsize the weight of the 'external votes'.


Read the news reports in English and Romanian:

'Romania's presidential election. Against all odds', The Economist

'Rezultate finale : Băsescu câştigă cu 71 de mii de voturi', Inpactnews.ro

'UPDATE: Votul diasporei', Hotnews.ro

Greece: Government promises to introduce ius soli

News summary by EUDO CITIZENSHIP expert Dimitris Christopoulos

“My government will suggest the acquisition of the Greek nationality by birth for every individual born on Greek territory,” said the Greek Prime Minister Geórgios Papandréou jr. at the International Migration Forum. The Forum was held in Athens on 3-5 November this year.

For the first time in history a Greek prime minister advocated the inclusion of ius soli provisions in the nationality law. The new government is expected to present a proposal for amendments of the current law in the first months of the coming year. The minister of Interior Yiannis Ragousis has already agreed to have the Nationality Code amended. At this stage, however, it is unclear how far-reaching the government’s proposal for ius soli provisions will be.
According to some reports, the government plans to grant citizenship to about 250,000 children who were born in Greece or who have received basic education in Greek schools. The immigration status of the parents would not be treated as an issue here. However, it is not clear whether the parents would also be granted citizenship, and when the new legislation would be passed.

Read the report in the Times of Malta of 4 November 2009.

The reform is inspired by a new code on Greek nationality launched in January 2009 by the Greek League for Human Rights, the oldest human rights NGO in the country, with the support of Papandréou.

Read the report in Athens News of 14 April 2009.

Papandréou’s declaration already spurred a lively internal debate in Greece. The extreme right-wing party Popular Orthodox Alarm (LAOS) opposes the reform proposal.

Check out the Greek Country Profile.

Visit the website of the Hellenic League for Human Rights (in Greek)



Focus Migration publishes policy brief on dual citizenship in Germany

The information service Focus Migration has published a new policy brief on "Dual citizenship- the discourse on ethnic and political boundary-making in Germany".


Discussions on the permissibility of dual citizenship play a special role in social discourse. In addition to technical and practical considerations, this concerns ideas of citizenship and naturalisation as ethnic and political boundary-making, as well as attitudes within a country towards permanent residents of a different origin and their integration in the social system.

The policy brief introduces current developments and discusses critically objections against dual citizenship.

Download the policy brief.

Romania: former citizens, new citizens, new votes?

An article by the Romanian newspaper Cotidianul shows that after the simplification of the procedures for granting Romanian citizenship to former citizens in 2007, the numbers of acquisitions have risen steadily from 200 in 2007 and 4000-4200 in 2008 to 9000-9500 in 2009. In September and October 2009 alone, 2982 Moldovan citizens have acquired Romanian citizenship through this facilitated procedure. The newspaper suggests that the latter figure has to do with the current electoral battle and the government's "hunting for votes".

Read the article in Romanian 'Capcanele zilei de 22 noiembrie: Candidatul, volurile si moldovenii'

Read the report 'Romanian citizenship offered to Moldavians' by EUDO Citizenship expert Costantin Iordachi on May 12, 2009.