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Recent publications on citizenship laws and policies


JEMS, Special Issue on Citizenship Attribution in Western Europe

This special issue of JEMS deals with the challenges of migration for citizenship attribution in Western Europe. It collects contributions by Maarten Vink and Gerard-René de Groot, Marc Morjé Howard, Sara Wallace Goodman, Evelyn Ersanilli and Ruud Koopmans, Marc Helbling, Iseult Honohan, Dora Kostakopoulou and Rainer Bauböck.

In their introductory essay, EUDO-CITIZENSHIP experts Maarten Vink and René de Groot analyse recent developments in citizenship attribution across Western Europe over the past 25 years. Despite the contradictory impact of the instrumentalisation and politicisation of citizenship policies, and the fact that countries have different citizenship traditions and migration experiences, they observe six broad trends. These relate to the descent-based transmission of citizenship by women, men and emigrants; ius soli provisions for second- and third-generation immigrants; the acceptance of multiple citizenship; the introduction of language and integration requirements for naturalisation; the avoidance of statelessness; and the increasing relevance of EU membership. The authors describe the background and core features of each of these six trends and provide empirical examples from citizenship policies in 18 West European countries since the early 1980s

Click here for the Table of Contents

Chance to Survive: Minority Rights in Estonia and Latvia

Edited by Vadim Poleshchuk, 2009

The book provides basic statistical data on the living conditions of the non-Estonian and non-Latvian populations, and surveys briefly the policies of Estonia and Latvia in the sphere of ethnic relations, migration, and the prevention of discrimination based on race, ethnic origin, and religion. The authors also presented information on the realisation of the civil and political rights of minorities (special attention is paid to their participation in political and public activities, their access to the judicial system and to certain basic civil freedoms). The positions of minorities on the labour market and in the educational systems are examined in more detail, and several other aspects of the economic, cultural, and social rights situation are also explored. The study is available online.

Citizenship and Immigration

by Christian Joppke, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2010

In a sweeping review of the entire field of citizenship and immigration, this book argues that citizenship in Western states is converging on a liberal model of inclusive citizenship with diminished rights implications and increasingly universalistic identities.

"This is a superb piece of scholarship" - Marc Morjé Howard, Georgetown University

"In this tour de force, Joppke moves nimbly from social theory to current policy developments" - Irene Bloemraad, University of California, Berkeley

Read the review of the book by EUDO-Citizenship co-director Rainer Bauböck: Citizenship in European immigration states: light or twilight? (European Political Science, 9, 2010: 439-445).

A Re-definition of belonging? Language and Integration Tests in Europe

Edited by Ricky van Oers, Eva Ersbøll and Dora Kostakopoulou

'As some Member States of the European Union lurch uncertainly towards nationalistic approaches to citizenship puzzling questions arise about the elements of that national identity. The search for legal mechanisms through which to describe national identity has increasingly focused on foreigners who apply to become citizens - naturalisation. Devising for and applying state administrative tests to foreigners to determine whether they are sufficiently close to the national identity to merit citizenship reveals important cleavages in our understanding of the nature of identity and solidarity in the form of citizenship. This book provides a fascinating insight into the process of creating tests, applying them and the outcomes for individuals and societies. In the process it uncovers for us some very important assumptions about belonging in Europe in the 21st century.' - Elspeth Guild, Jean Monnet ad personam Professor of European Migration Law

Download the table of contents and the authors' biographical notes here.

Citizenship Acquisition and Natural Belonging. Migration, Membership and the Liberal Democratic State

Edited by Gideon Calder, Phillip Cole and Jonathan Seglow. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010

What does it take to become a citizen of a particular nation? In a globalizing world, and with increasing international mobility, is it justified to restrict membership of a society? If so, on what grounds? Do societies need a distinctive national culture in order to thrive – and should this be a factor in the allocation of citizenship to those migrating from elsewhere? How is national identity actually perceived among the existing citizens of western countries?

Chapters by P. Cole, T. Torresi, D. Kostakopoulou, J. Hampshire, A. Shorten, D. Owen, R. Sales, R. Mann & S. Fenton, J. Seglow & G. Calder, and EUDO CITIZENSHIP Consortium Member Iseult Honohan. Click here to read the table of contents.