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Recent publications on citizenship laws and policies


Politische Einstellungen und politische Partizipation von Migranten in Deutschland

By Stephanie Müssig and Susanne Worbs, Working Paper 46 aus der Reihe "Integrationsreport", Teil 10

This recent study by the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees deals with the political orientations and political participation of migrants in Germany. Download the full Working Paper (in German).


Migration and Citizenship Law in Spain: Path-dependency and Policy Change in a Recent Country of Immigration


By Alberto Martín-Pérez and Francisco Javier Moreno-Fuentes, International Migration Review, 46: 625–655, 2012

This article analyzes the links between migratory processes and the evolution of nationality legislation in Spain. We argue that this case challenges the theoretical models that link immigration to liberalizing reforms in citizenship law. Despite large-scale immigration experienced over the last two decades, Spanish nationality law has remained strongly focused on keeping ties with Spanish communities abroad. To account for the high degree of stability of Spanish citizenship law we structure our analysis along three basic lines: the historical conceptions derived from Spain's past as a colonial power, as well as its tradition as a country of emigration; the lack of incentives for political actors to introduce the reform of citizenship law in the political agenda; and the strategies adopted by those political actors in relation to the politicization of immigration.

To purchase the article online, click here


Citizenship in the New States of Southeastern Europe

Special issue of Citizenship studies, Volume 16, Issue 3-4, 2012 

The CITSEE team has published of a special issue of the journal Citizenship Studies dedicated to 'Citizenship in the New States of Southeastern Europe'. It contains an introduction and seven comprehensive papers on the existing citizenship regimes across the former Yugoslavia. This special issue of Citizenship Studies comes out of the first phase of research conducted under the aegis of the CITSEE project, during which the research team concentrated on in-depth country case analyses with the aim of giving readers a better understanding of post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes, as seen in their wider political and societal context.

More info here.

Il voto degli altri. Rappresentanza e scelte elettorali degli italiani all’estero

Edited by Guido Tintori, Rosenberg & Sellier, Turin, 2012

The political inclusion of the expatriates (and their descendants) in Italy reached a climax with the approval of the 2000-2001 Laws, by which Italian residents abroad can now elect six senators and twelve deputies in representation of the ‘abroad’ district, divided into four geographic constituencies – Europe, South America, North America, and Asia-Africa-Oceania.

Il voto degli altri describes for the first time in detail the social and political profiles of Italy’s overseas voters and MPs. Written by scholars of different disciplinary backgrounds, the chapters of this edited book analyse how and why Italian policymakers decided to introduce the 2000-2001 legislation after a lengthy debate that started already in the first half of the 20th century; how a system of representation of the so called ‘Italians abroad’ historically evolved in the different areas of settlement; the electoral campaigns and election results of 2006 and 2008 general elections.

The progressive institutional inclusion of Italian residents abroad is compared with the experiences of other countries and assessed in the light of the most recent literature on matter of external citizenship and voting rights. The book aims to contribute to the scholarly debate as well as to a reform of the current overseas voting system, which has proved to be flawed and based on an essentialist understanding of the ‘other’ Italians.

La nationalité luxembourgeoise (XIXe-XXIe siècles). Histoire d’un alliage européen

By Denis Scuto, Editions de l'Université de Bruxelles, Brussels, 2012

Les Etats modernes ont instauré des mécanismes juridiques complexes pour régler l’appartenance ou non d’un individu à l’Etat-nation. Denis Scuto analyse la construction de la nationalité luxembourgeoise, du Code civil à nos jours, en dégageant les influences des législations belge, française et allemande. Bien loin de se limiter au seul cadre luxembourgeois, une telle approche « enrichit notre réflexion sur les différentes formes prises par la construction de la nationalité en Europe à l’époque contemporaine » (Gérard Noiriel).

Mais les questions de nationalité ne se réduisent pas à l’aspect législatif ; elles sont intimement liées aux pratiques et aux discours relatifs aux migrations et aux migrants. Faut-il leur ouvrir ou non l’accès à la nationalité ? Que ressentent « ceux d’en bas », ces étrangers qui ont cherché à obtenir la nationalité luxembourgeoise ? L’étude sociale de centaines de dossiers de naturalisation révèle à la fois leurs motivations et leurs espoirs.

La « nationalisation » de la société au XXe siècle politise fortement la question, devenue désormais l’enjeu d’intérêts contradictoires. L’industrialisation, la démocratisation de la vie politique et la mise en place d’une législation sociale y introduisent la question des bénéficiaires de ces droits nouveaux. Les débats sur le droit du sang ou le droit du sol révèlent une dialectique entre ouverture et fermeture, politique identitaire et politique d’intégration, qui souligne l’héritage du passé.

Un défi fondamental se pose aujourd’hui aux pays qui, comme le Luxembourg, connaissent une forte immigration depuis la fin du XIXe siècle : comment englober par le droit de la nationalité le plus de personnes possibles dans un projet politique et sociétal d’avenir commun ?