Our new GLOBALCIT website is under construction. In the meantime, please use the current website as before.

Recent publications on citizenship laws and policies


Ethnic Citizenship Regimes: Europeanization, Post-war Migration and Redressing Past Wrongs

By Aleksandra Maatsch
National citizenship is still the last bastion of states' sovereignty, meaning that EU institutions cannot exercise any direct influence on national citizenship legislation in the EU member states. On the other hand, the process of political integration in the EU, international human rights' development and globalization are claimed to have indirectly challenged states' exclusive competences in that legal area. As a consequence of these processes a number of questions arise: what kind of national citizenship has developed in the member states of the European Union? Which principles have informed it? Which factors have triggered the legislative reforms? This book sheds light on the processes that have transformed national citizenship of the European Union's member states and explains the legislative changes that have taken place since the mid-1980s in Germany, Hungary and Poland.

Naturalisation: A Passport for the Better Integration of Immigrants?


This conference proceedings provides the papers presented at the OECD/European Commission joint seminar on Naturalisation and the Socio-Economic Integration of Children held in October 2010 in Brussels. It takes stock of the current knowledge regarding the links between host-country nationality and socio-economic integration of immigrants and their children, building on novel evidence on this issue. It also discusses the role of nationalisation as a tool in the overall framework for immigration and integration policy, with the aim of identifying good practices.

Direct link to the PDF download (subscription required)

Also available in: French

Statelessness in the European Union : displaced, undocumented, unwanted

Edited by Caroline Sawyer and Brad K. Blitz, Cambridge University Press, 2011
Statelessness in the European Union draws together original research from over one hundred interviews in Estonia, France, Slovenia and the United Kingdom to provide one of the first comparative accounts of the de facto or de jure stateless populations in the European Union. It blends legal, political and empirical research to examine how non-citizens without secure status, in some cases established undocumented migrants and their descendants, manage their lives in four European Union member states. Normative and legal analyses of the practical meaning of basic human rights are combined with a groundbreaking investigation of the obstacles that prevent people from accessing essential services. Contrasting the situation of Europe's stateless now with that examined by Arendt over fifty years ago, it considers proposals for the future security of Europe's stateless people.

The Ironies of Citizenship: Naturalization and Integration in Industrialized Countries

by Thomas Janoski, Cambridge University Press, 2010

Explanations of naturalization and jus soli citizenship have relied on cultural, convergence, racialization, or capture theories, and they tend to be strongly affected by the literature on immigration. This study of naturalization breaks with the usual immigration theories and proposes an approach over centuries and decades toward explaining naturalization rates. First, it provides consistent evidence to support the long-term existence of colonizer, settler, non-colonizer, and Nordic nationality regime types that frame naturalization over centuries. Second it shows how left and green parties, along with an index of nationality laws, explain the lion's share of variation in naturalization rates. The text makes these theoretical claims believable by using the most extensive data set to date on naturalization rates that include jus soli births. It analyzes this data with a combination of carefully designed case studies comparing two to four countries within and between regime types.

JEMS, Special Issue on Citizenship Attribution in Western Europe

This special issue of JEMS deals with the challenges of migration for citizenship attribution in Western Europe. It collects contributions by Maarten Vink and Gerard-René de Groot, Marc Morjé Howard, Sara Wallace Goodman, Evelyn Ersanilli and Ruud Koopmans, Marc Helbling, Iseult Honohan, Dora Kostakopoulou and Rainer Bauböck.

In their introductory essay, EUDO-CITIZENSHIP experts Maarten Vink and René de Groot analyse recent developments in citizenship attribution across Western Europe over the past 25 years. Despite the contradictory impact of the instrumentalisation and politicisation of citizenship policies, and the fact that countries have different citizenship traditions and migration experiences, they observe six broad trends. These relate to the descent-based transmission of citizenship by women, men and emigrants; ius soli provisions for second- and third-generation immigrants; the acceptance of multiple citizenship; the introduction of language and integration requirements for naturalisation; the avoidance of statelessness; and the increasing relevance of EU membership. The authors describe the background and core features of each of these six trends and provide empirical examples from citizenship policies in 18 West European countries since the early 1980s

Click here for the Table of Contents