Recent publications on citizenship laws and policies
Emigration Nations: Policies and Ideologies of Emigrant Engagement
Until very recently emigrants were considered an embarrassment, an irritation or an irrelevance by most states. The long experience of emigrant engagement in certain historical emigration countries, such as Italy, was very much the exception. Since about 2000, countries around the world have shown much greater enthusiasm for policies to encourage the loyalty of nationals who have made a permanent home elsewhere. These developments have changed the relationship between state institutions and emigrant nationals. Policies of emigrant engagement also challenge fundamental understandings about the nature of political society in the modern era; the notion of states as territorial institutions or the understanding of citizenship as membership in a territorially bounded polity are both undermined. This book provides copious evidence of this process, with detailed, comparable case studies of twelve countries and a new theoretical framework that helps explain changing policies towards emigrants.
Migration, Citizenship and Development: Diasporic Membership Policies and Overseas Indians in the United States
By Daniel Naujoks, Oxford University Press 2013.
Migration, Citizenship, and Development examines the effects of country-of-origin citizenship on the Indian diaspora in the United States and return migrants in India. It explores how the Overseas Citizenship of India affects remittances, investment, philanthropy, return migration and political lobbying. Using an inter-disciplinary approach, the book combines political concepts of state power and governance, sociological categorizations of behavior and identity, and economic scholarship on remittances and development. The author examines how a legal status shapes national and transnational belonging and how citizenship in the country of origin influences naturalization and attachment to the country of residence. He does this both through new conceptualizations as well as original empirical evidence about the causes and effects of diasporic activities.
Co-creating European Union citizenship
Policy review report published by the European Commission (2013).
The EC has published a policy review document on 'Co-creating European Union Citizenship'. The document draws on the key research findings of fifteen EU-funded Social Sciences and Humanities research projects that have contributed to the understanding of the genesis and evolution of EU citizenship. 2013 has been designated as the "European Year of Citizens".
While citizenship status promises an important set of rights and opportunities for all EU citizens, there are still challenges and the report discusses the numerous remaining obstacles to reaching EU citizenship rights. One of the key conclusions of the report is the importance of ‘bringing the citizens in’ - that is, viewing citizens and their families as partners in the design of policies and solutions and as the key to strengthening EU citizenship’s reality and potential.
A geography of extra-territorial citizenship: Explanations of external voting
Geographers have a long-standing interest in citizenship as the link between political and territorial membership. Yet, even when key political processes associated with citizenship, such as voting or lobbying government institutions are carried out from beyond the territory there is a more complex relationship with territory than the simple ‘inside/outside’ division that external voting suggests. This article develops a specifically geographical analysis of the territorial context of voting practices. Although a number of general explanations have been offered for the introduction of external voting, and for the nature of the systems introduced it seems that contextual, country-specific factors concerning the history and nature of the relationship between the government and emigrant groups are usually determinant.By Michael Collyer, Migration Studies (July 2013).
External Citizenship in EU Countries
Citizenship laws often contain provisions regarding preferential acquisition of citizenship by certain categories of foreigners, such as provisions that allow for the possibility to acquire citizenship without the obligation to reside in the country. The practice of external acquisition of citizenship poses important challenges to the modern paradigmatic view of territorially bounded citizenship. This article surveys the legal rules allowing for external acquisition of citizenship in EU countries, and examines three justifications for such rules, namely, the principles of just restitution of citizenship, democratic continuity and national solidarity. The article argues that the principle of just restitution of citizenship offers the strongest, albeit partial, contextual justification for external acquisition of citizenship.