Our new GLOBALCIT website is under construction. In the meantime, please use the current website as before.

Recent publications on citizenship laws and policies


The Inclusion Paradox of Enfranchising Expats in Latin America

By Ana Margheritis, International Migration, 2017

Enfranchising emigrants implicitly involves inviting them to have a voice and increasing engagement in home politics, thus maintaining active membership of their nation of origin. However, in the Latin American Southern Cone (as well as in several other countries in the region), both state policies and expats’ responses have fallen short of making that invitation effective. What explains this inclusion paradox? Why, while franchise is expanding has effective political inclusion of citizens living abroad not materialized? This article addresses these questions for the cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Conclusions highlight relatively unexplored explanatory factors and enhance our understanding of the links between migration policy innovation and political inclusion beyond borders in some of the least studied cases in the literature.

Details at the journal’s website.



Rising to the Occasion? Youth Political Knowledge and the Voting Age

By Olof Rosenqvist, British Journal of Political Science, 2017

The typical voting age around the world is eighteen. One of the arguments against lowering the voting age to sixteen is that individuals under eighteen potentially lack the appropriate political knowledge for voting. I study whether having the right to vote in itself can stimulate young people to acquire political knowledge, that is, if youths who are given the right to vote ‘rise to the occasion’. Such a dynamic effect would increase the likelihood that sixteen year olds will attain the requisite level of knowledge by the time they cast their vote, but would not guarantee this outcome, since an invidiual’s initial level of political knowledge is the most important factor for informed voting.

Details at the journal’s website.






Responses to stigmatisation and boundary making: destigmatisation strategies of Turks in Germany

By Nils Witte, JEMS, 2017

This article combines the concept of responses to stigmatisation with the boundary making approach. It differentiates situational and discursive destigmatisation strategies of ethnic minority members. The analysis of in-depth interviews with Turkish residents of Germany yields four dominant response types at the level of action: (1) confronting, (2) deemphasising, and (3) ignoring/avoiding. While these responses vary situationally, the fourth category of (4) boundary work subsumes discursive strategies of boundary making and boundary blurring. This is the first systematic analysis of Turkish minority members’ destigmatisation strategies. The analysis reveals personal and situational prerequisites of particular destigmatisation strategies. The article discusses commonalities and differences between Turks in Germany and ethnic minorities elsewhere.

Details at the journal’s website.




Calling for the Super Citizen: Citizenship ceremonies in the UK and Germany as techniques of subject-formation

By Elisabeth Badenhoop, Migration Studies, 2017

Migration and citizenship studies tend to conceive of naturalization and of citizenship ceremonies as highly ambivalent procedures. They simultaneously include and exclude migrants by granting full membership to certain migrants while separating them from national-born and other migrant citizens. Yet, existing studies with their focus on the inclusion/exclusion divide tend to overlook another key dimension of citizenship ceremonies. I argue that citizenship ceremonies should be understood as techniques of subject-formation that aim at the modification and optimization of the self-understanding and behaviour of newly-naturalized citizens by confronting them with specific expectations. Based on a Critical Discourse Analysis of ceremony speeches observed in four locations in the United Kingdom and in Germany, this article demonstrates that local state representatives encourage naturalized citizens to transform themselves to become a political, economic and cultural asset to the nation-state. In other words, ceremony speakers suggest that naturalized citizens adopt a specific kind of subjectivity which I term—in allusion to its overstraining character—the Super Citizen. My analysis shows that, although the speech is the least regulated element in both the British and the German ceremonies, the subjectivity of the Super Citizen crosses regional and national borders as speakers in all four locations engaged in the call for the Super Citizen. This finding not only questions the predominant categorization in the literature of the UK and Germany as representing ‘civic’ versus ‘ethnic’ models of citizenship. It also points to the transnational prevalence of neo-liberal and neo-national discourses in which the Super Citizen subjectivity is deeply entangled.

Details at the journal’s website.


The Global State of Democracy. Exploring Democracy’s Resilience. Chapter 7: Migration, social polarization, citizenship and multiculturalism

By International IDEA, 2017

Against this backdrop, this publication analyses global and regional democracy trends and challenges based on International IDEA’s newly developed Global State of Democracy (GSoD) indices, which capture global and regional democratic trends between 1975 and 2015. In an effort to bridge the gap between academic research, policy development and democracy assistance initiatives, it offers recommendations and problem-solving approaches to support democratic reform, and to inform policymakers and democracy practitioners worldwide. This first edition explores democracy’s resilience based on a detailed analysis of the impact of the process of democratic backsliding on the quality of democracy as well as key challenges to democracy such as the crisis of representation, the increasing influence of money in politics, rising inequalities, migration and democratic transitions in the wake of conflict.

Download publication here.